Answered By: Mary Ries
Last Updated: May 03, 2016     Views: 405

Population Demographics are published in the Decennial Censuses, which the Thompson Library houses on the second floor.  They are also available in part online as PDFs.  Economic/Business Demographics, while contained in part in the Decennial Censuses, is more likely to be contained in the Economic Census published every 5 years since 1967.  Prior to 1967, it was conducted in 1963, 1958, and 1954, with earlier versions being collected and published piecemeal.  The State Library of Ohio, a full depository library for federal documents and the Regional Depository for the State of Ohio, has a wide range of economic census data for business and industry.  They are located at 274 1st Avenue, 614-644-7051 (Research Services).  Parking is free.

Other data may exist, depending upon your exact research need.  Please contact the Subject Librarian for the field you're working in for expert help tailored to your needs.

 

The following is listing of tables from the 1940, 1960, and 1980 decennial censuses that might be of interest.  Table selection is based on Ohio data, but should be available for other states.

1940 Decennial:

Census of Population and Housing:  1940 Census http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/1940.html

            Ohio File 33973538v2p5ch6 (Tables 1-A37)

            Ohio File 33973538v2p5ch7 (Tables A38-)

Sixteenth census of the United States: 1940.   Population.   v.2 (HA201 1940 A4)

Table 21  Composition of the population by counties:  1940 (has race data and years of schooling completed by gender)

Table 22   Age, race, and sex by county: 1940 and 1930

Table 23   …Employment status, class of worker … by counties: 1940

Table [Letter]48   Persons 25 yeas old and over by years of school completed, race, and sex… (In Ohio the cities listed are Akron, Canton, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Toledo, and Youngstown.  Has information on educational attainment by race for Metropolitan districts.  Which areas are covered and how many vary by state.)

Sixteenth census of the United States: 1940.   Population.   v. 4 (HA201 1940 A4)

Table 12   Population in Private Households… (Head of household information by State, urban/rural, and cities of 50,000 or more)

Table 17  Population 5-24 years … by years of school completed… (State, city by race and age)

Table 19  20 years old and over, by years of school completed… (information by gender/race for state and city…)

Table 23  Median years of school completed… (By race/gender for state, urban/rural, and selected cities)

Sixteenth census of the United States, 1940.  Population & housing.  Census tracts.   v.5 (HA201 1940 A437 2004)

For selected cities there is data available on the tract level by race, sex, educational attainment, etc.  For Ohio these cities are Akron, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton and Toledo.  The city selection varies state to state

County Data Book, 1947.  (HA202 A35, Thompson 2nd Floor stacks tower)

Table 3 (contains information on the number of manufacturing , etc. establishments by county.  The data is from 1939.  Information on education levels by county.  Data is from 1940.  Race by county.  Race can be extrapolated by subtracting white from total population.  Race is only defined in terms of white/nonwhite and the data is from 1940)

 

 

1960 Decennial :

Census of Population and Housing:  1960 Census  http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/1960cenpopv1.html

               Ohio File 37749282v1p37_ch03 (Section B:  General Population Characteristics - Tables 1-31, B1-B2)

               Ohio File 37749282v1p37_ch04 (Section C:  General Social and Economic Characteristics - Tables 32- 76)

               Ohio File 37749282v1p37_ch05 (Section C:  … -  Tables 77-93, C1-C3)

               Ohio File 37749282v1p37_ch06 (Section D:  Detailed Characteristics - Tables 94-114)

               Ohio File 37749282v1p37_ch07 (Section D:  Detailed Characteristics - Tables 115-122)

               Ohio File 37749282v1p37_ch08 (Section D:  Detailed Characteristics - Tables 123-127)

               Ohio File 37749282v1p37_ch09 (Section D:  Detailed Characteristics - Tables 128-146)

               Ohio File 37749282v1p37_ch010 (Section D:  Detailed Characteristics - Table D1)

Census of population: 1960; the eighteenth decennial census of the United States.   Population.  v.1 (HA201 1960 A2)

Table 82  Social characteristics of the population, for counties (Has Race data)

Table 83  Education, employment status, and selected labor force characteristics of the population, for counties (Educational attainment by gender)

Table 87   Nonwhite population – social characteristics and Employment status, for selected counties… (Non-white educational attainment data by county)

Table 88  Nonwhite population – occupation group (Occupations by county)

Table 103  Years of school completed by persons 14 years old and over, by age, color, and sex…(Some county level data about education)

Table 106  Persons in households by relationship to head… (Head of household data by city)

Table 110  Families by type and size… (Head of household by race and gender by city)

City and County Data Book, 1962.  (HA202 A36, Thompson 2nd Floor stacks tower)

Table 2 (contains information on the number of manufacturing , etc. establishments by county.  The data is from 1958.  Information on education levels by county.  Data is from 1960.  Race by county.  Race is only defined in terms of white/nonwhite and the data is from 1960)

City and County Data Book, 1967.  (HA202 A36, Thompson 2nd Floor stacks tower)

Table 2 (contains information on the number of manufacturing , etc. establishments by county.  The data is from 1958.  Information on education levels by county.  Data is from 1960.  Race by county.  Has data on Negro by county.  Data 1963 estimated.)

 

 

1980 Decennial :

Census of Population and Housing:  1980 Census  v.1 http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/1980.html

1980 census of population. Volume 1, Characteristics of the population.   v. CH. B (HA201 1980 C42)

Table 44  Age by race, Spanish origin, and sex for counties:  1980 (Race on county level)

Table 47  Household relationship by race and Spanish origins for counties:  1980 (Head of household  on county level)

1980 census of population. Volume 1, Characteristics of the population.   v. CH. C (HA201 1980 C42)

Table 58  Race by sex (County level information available)

Table 59  Persons by Spanish origin, race and sex (County level information available)

Table 182  Age, fertility, relationship, and educational characteristics by race and Spanish origin for counties (Head of household information, race by county, educational attainment by race by county)

Table 183  Selected social characteristics by race and Spanish origin for counties (Contains head of household information)

Table 184  Labor force characteristics by race and Spanish origins for counties. (Information on broad categories of industry types by race on the county level)

Table 185  Occupation of employed persons by race and Spanish origin for counties.  (Information on broad categories of industry types by race on the county level)

City and County Data Book, 1983.  (HA202 A36, Thompson 2nd Floor stacks tower)

Table B (contains information on the number of manufacturing , etc. establishments by county.   Information on education levels by county.  Race by county.  Female head of household data.)

The Library owns a series of proprietary census databases that will in theory allow you to create custom tables for selected variables including race by county, etc.  The data can be saved to an Excel spread sheet.  The data bases can only be mined for about 200 data points at a time.  The database is available for In-house only M-F 12-5.

 

The following also might be of some interest:

1)    Half-Century Of Learning: Historical Census Statistics On Educational Attainment in the United States, 1940 to 2000: Detailed Tables [Data National and  state level] http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/census/half-century/tables.html

 

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